Her Name was Lola…

18 Apr

We knew her as Elizabeth, but her name was Lola.  Lola E. Brown was born in 1903 in Guilford, North Carolina. Lola married to Paul Alexander Whitfield in 1923.  She passed away in Wake County, Raleigh, North Carolina in 1994.

She was a nurse, a homemaker and mother of two Dorothy Whitfield Dyson and Billy Keith Whitfield, Sr. my grandfather. She enjoyed her cigarettes, spoke softly and didn’t reveal much of her past.  My mother remembers only that she would say, “I’m American” when asked about her ethnic background.

My great-grandmother Elizabeth was an extraordinary lady.  Despite a hard and difficult upbringing in her young life – she still managed to finish up to a 3rd year of college in a time when many women would not even graduate high school.

I was quite young, maybe only about 3 years old when we visited her North Carolina home… the warm tones of the wooden walls of the small but quaint cottage which had been built by my great-grandfather Paul, the striking red hair and freckles of my mother’s cousin Lee, and a cute little white dog are etched in my memories.  Her hair was all white, curly, and kept short. Her skin wrinkled and aged with time.  Her smile sparkling like the way the light danced upon her eyes through thick glasses.  My beautiful grand-aunt Dorothy setting the table.  Four generations of Whitfield-Brown women under one roof. These are the memories I remember.


Three generations of Whitfield/Brown ladies — Lola Elizabeth Brown Whitfield, Sherry Leialoha Whitfield Fernandez, and Aunty Dorothy Whitfield Dyson circa 1974 in Raleigh, North Carolina

She came to Hawaii for a few visits in the 60s and 70s — in 1972 for my mother’s wedding (pictured below – with her son, 2nd daughter-in-law, and grandson Shawn) and sometime later in the mid-70s during the Halloween season.


Lola Elizabeth, June Mann Whitfield, Shawn Whitfield & Billy Keith Whitfield, Sr. at wedding reception for Lino & Sherry Fernandez at Pacific Palisades, Pearl City, HI January 22, 1972

Notes given to my mother about her parents were that her parents’ names were John and Mary Jane Brown.  (These common names made it difficult to find a proper pairing.) For many years, my research lead us to believe that she and Jewell Rebecca her elder sister were the children of John Dillard Brown and Mary Jane “Polly” Anna Pack.  For a decade or more, I researched and built out the John D. Brown tree taking their lines back across the pond to Europe to kings, queens and knights and the Pack lines to their Native American roots.  I don’t want to say this was a waste of time.  This was how I really “cut my teeth” into family research, cluster research and learning so much about the immigrations to America and migrations of pioneer people along the Eastern seaboard during a very difficult time in our country’s history during the Civil War years.  I “met” and collaborated with distant “cousins” who I treasure for their assistance and mentorship – learning so much about North Carolina history and landmarks. But alas, without vital documentation of her lineage all of this was “a wish” to find our people.

Fast forward to 2018, and to answer some long burning questions about “who she was” my mother gifted herself an AncestryDNA kit, and it turns out our Brown connection is probably not (at least not directly) connected to John Dillard Brown nor Mary Jane Pack.

Instead, our story leads us to new mysteries, brick walls and unanswered questions.  There’s probably another lifetime of research to really find out who the parents of Lola were???  But newly discovered living relatives to whom my mother had extremely high DNA matches gave us enough clues which I could connect the dots from Lola to the family of their grandfather Obediah Brown b.1839 – d.1905 and Frances Fanny J. Ellington b. 1839 – d. 1926 — both whom were born in Pittsylvania, VA but moved their family to High Point, Guilford County, NC. Obediah was a shoemaker and many of his sons, even grandsons continued this craft. I am hoping to isolate which of Obediah’s nine children is the parent to Lola Elizabeth Brown; my intuition is that her mother was Mary J. Brown b. July 1874 the seventh child of Oby and Fannie.

In 1900, Lola’s older sister Jewell then 3 years old is listed in the household of Obediah as a granddaughter.  Three years later Lola would have been born and two years after that their grandfather Oby would pass away in January of 1905.  Sadly, it is sometime between 1905 and 1910 that the girl’s are separated from the Brown family and become wards and begin living at the the Oxford Orphanage Asylum. They both would have still been there in 1911 when this photo was taken.

Oxford Orphan Asylum, 1911 (Sepia print)

Oxford Orphan Asylum, 1911 (Sepia print) Photographer: Walter Holladay, Durham, North Carolina; SMLMA Accession Number: 2010.3

One day I would love to visit the Sallie Mae Ligon Museum & Archives housed in the Cobb Center at Dunn Cottage, located on the scenic campus of the Masonic Home for Children, in Oxford, North Carolina. The museum holds the permanent collections of North Carolina’s first and oldest operating residential home for children, which opened its doors to 10,000 children in need since 1873.  It was here at the Oxford Asylum that both my great-grandaunt and great-grandmother learned the skills to both later serve long careers as nurses.

I imagine that the sisters remained close to the very end of their lives.  When Jewell Rebecca Brown Welpe was nearing her last days in the early 1990s, she relocated from Westchester (Croton on the Hudson), NY back to Raleigh and took up residence with my great-grandma Lola as her caregiver now in her late 80s.

In 1994 at the age of 90, Lola Elizabeth was laid to rest at the Raleigh Memorial Park in the plot at the Garden of the Last Supper beside Great-grandpa Paul who preceded her in death in 1970.  Her son Billy Keith Whitfield, Sr. passed October 22, 1997.  A few years ago, my first cousin found Dorothy Lee Whitfield Dyson in an obituary listed as the surviving spouse to her husband Hugh Monroe Dyson who died Feb 1, 2014. (it is unknown at this time if she is still surviving). Lola is survived by many grand-children, great-grandchildren and great-great-grandchildren in North Carolina, Ohio, Washington, Oregon and Hawaii.


12 Apr

My ancestor 3xgreatgrandfather Kanohokai was a Mahiʻai who tended a loʻi at Kapena near Judd. I recently found his marriage record to Momona 3xgreatgrandmother and it listed their residence as Waikahalulu. Because of the proximity to his work, I assumed it was in the wailele area in Queen Liliʻuokalani Botanical Gardens near Nuʻuanu Stream. But now learning of these other traditional place names it makes me wonder because Momona’s known occupation was as a lei seller at the Honolulu Harbor. Their marriage is listed as September 21, 1866 and residence as Honolulu Wai ka Halulu.

Sig Zane is releasing a new design in a Kapoʻi Hoodie style called “Waikahalulu” Waikahalulu by Sig Zane from his Honolulu based location “Sig on Smith” this Friday, April 13 based on 1850s street maps of what is now modern day downtown Honolulu. His design honors the traditional name of the area between Fort and Richards where there was once a reef that was backfilled in the 1850s. According to Zane, it means “the roaring waters.”

A visit to the tranquil Nu’uanu Stream park off School Street near Waikahalulu Lane will lend a peaceful and oft times trickling stream or two over a ten foot cascade, but this vintage photo depicts the low but wide waterfall in more of a roar befitting its name.

Genealogy Roundup

18 Mar

It’s been an exciting few months recently for ShakinTrees.  As a Christmas present to herself, my mother ordered an AncestryDNA kit and we’ve been excited exploring new connections for her over the last month since her results came in. We’ve identified several of her matches that raises our confidence level that Naluahine Kaopua is her Great-grandfather, the biological father of Jennie Violet Keawe Hii Ku O Kalai Kauhane/ Kaopua Waiwaiole.  We’ve also found paternal cousins who are very likely from her grandfather Paul Whitfield side vs. her grandmother Lola Elizabeth Brown. This St. Patrick’s Day weekend I invested in getting the Lucky Pack special and soon will be testing too.

Last month over President’s Day Weekend, it was a great experience learning more family history for our Kauhimaka side.  Starting at our family chapel/cemetery Ma’eMa’e Sunday School, we continued on with visits to Oahu Cemetery, Makiki Cemetery and visited several sights along Wilder before convening on Metcalf near the University of Hawaii to learn more about our Fernandez ancestors and what life was like at Fernandez Court.  Our talk story then continued over to the Windward side for a wonderful meal together where some other ohana joined us who were not able to attend the morning’s tour. I’m looking forward to the next family gathering for a Good Friday early Easter celebration.

I’ve learned that the work of figuring out DNA matches really relies on sharing and building trees.  My mother has a bunch of 2nd cousin matches that perplexed us and we’ve only made some “sense” of a few of them.. figuring out which branch of the match’s family we are related to – but how that surname/family actually ties to our tree is still very elusive. So I’ve spent a great deal of time learning about our probable common ancestors Polly Gooch married to Nathaniel Pendergraft/Pendergrass/Pendergraph.  It’s highly likely we come from the branch of the family that shoots off from their son Richard Pendergraft, but we’re still not sure.  It is frustrating and exciting to have this new mystery to solve.

Part of solving this puzzle is really understanding the tree of Paul Alexander Whitfield.  I started a note with my research and a timeline and names cluster.  Some key surnames in this North Carolina part of the family include: Whitfield, Sawyer, Harris, Meeks, Edmondson, and Asby.  It’s also highly likely that my great-grandfather had a first wife Viola Council prior to Lola E. Brown which resulted in the birth of an elder son, John Calvin Council Whitfield/Nipper.  Viola remarried to NIPPER and her son John Calvin used his stepfather’s name Nipper as a surname on occasion.

Visiting Kupuna

20 Feb

What should have been a simple Facebook video upload that didn’t work – forced me to finally take the leap into YouTube to share this my first public video – Kauhimaka Ohana Family Tour: Visiting Kupuna.  I’ll be adding future creations to my new ShakinTrees playlists.

I’ll be collaborating with other cousins who also captured video at our recent tour to create more videos about our talk story tour that went from 8:30am – 3:30pm Sunday, February 18, 2018.  Along with our Ohana matriarch, Winifred Jones – four generations of descendants of Joseph Kauhimaka and Sarah Kanohokai gathered for a tour to explore family roots in some of the places of significance.

It isn’t everyday that you get to visit with six Grandmothers in your family tree in one day – granted four of them are conveniently in one place at Ma’eMa’e Cemetery Chapel grounds.  I hope you’ll enjoy this and share your feedback with me.

Home is where the heart is

31 Dec

Phillipa Kanani Kauhimaka Fernandez my paternal great-grandmother she was the youngest child born to Joseph and Sarah Kauhimaka.  She was born February 11, 1893 and died in April 1938.  Phillipa married Lino Fernandez II in 1916.

In 1930 — Phillipa and her 11 children were living with her brother-in-law Henry Lino Fernandez and his wife Alice and their two children Helen and Russell affectionately enumerated as “Russie”. Henry was the older brother of Lino Fernandez II who at the time was dealing with “moonshining” charges to help ends meet during the depression.

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2032 Coyne St, Honolulu, HI is a single family home that contains 1,080 sq ft and was built in 1926. It contains 3 bedrooms and 1 bathroom.  Imagine the 16 people — 3 adults and 13 children aged 18 years – young cousin Alice down to 9-month old infant Winifred sharing the then — fairly new home.

Phillipa had had a lifetime of living in different places and other’s homes:

1900 – she and both sisters listed by their Hawaiian names are in the household of Charles and Kanani Aimaka at Liliha near Wyllie. Peculiarly, they are listed all with the surname of Aimaka by the enumerator. Kanani Aimaka was their mother’s sister.

1902  — two of the Kauhimaka sisters are in the city directory as residing at Liliha near Wyllie possibly still with the Aimaka family.  Or perhaps now with Grandmother Momona Kanohokai who is also listed in the directory as residing at Liliha near Wyllie.

1910 – -still a single young woman she had two homes that enumeration year — the “Kawaihao Seminary Mid Pacific Institute Girls Dept.” and also a home in Puunui with her Grandmother Momona Kanohokai along with her older sister Sarah and a boarder named Rebecca Paapu. Next door are the Aimaka ‘Ohana.  The enumerator notes that there are no house numbers yet in this area of Puunui as “new street not numbered”.  Theirs doesn’t even have a street name yet – just “locality known as Puunui.”

1920 — a mere ten years later Phillipa is well on her way into her life as a wife and mother.  Census in 1920 was taken in February that year. Phillipa would have been about six months pregnant with Lino Fernandez III on the way whilst raising five other children 5 years and younger including 10-month-old Uarda.  Note: a month earlier in the nearby neighborhood of Puunui when the census taker knocked on the door of Phillipa’s sister at Sarah & Rufus Titcomb’s Liliha home they surveyed the same five children living there.

Phillipa’s father’s family also lived in the Liliha/Puunui area, and I imagine that they spent some time with their grandmother Anahua and Aunts Ellen Kamae Goo Kim, Lahapa Aki and Rebecca Kanae as well.  One of Phillipa’s first cousins from Lahapa was named Kanaiaupuni also nicknamed “Puni,” and Phillipa chose this name for one of her own sons Edward Kanaiaupuni Fernandez.


Tutu Naluahine Ka‘opua

8 Oct

Naluahine Kekaaweokaahumanu Ka‘opua

There is a famous photo of the fabled Tutu Naluahine photographed by renowned photographer Ansel Adams during his visit to Kona in 1957-1958.  Another later photo of Tutu Naluahine was displayed in the now demolished Keauhou Beach Resort Hotel which closed in 2012. A wealth of knowledge on so many subjects he was often sought for his wisdom and counsel. As a native resident of the Kahalu‘u area, Tutu was descended from the line of La-na‘i, who was the last formal priest of Ka-pua-noni Heiau.  Naluahine held many titles of expertise:

  • cowboy
  • kahuna la‘au lapa‘au
  • lua master

Tutu Naluahine Ka‘opua was born July 4, 1857/1860, died April 13, 1961 at Kahalu‘u, Hawaii Island. He lived off of Makolea Beach Road near the Lonoikamakahiki’s Sacred Residence (shown in the Henry Kekahuna map). As a young man — he was part of a collective which formed the Ahahui Kalepa of Helani a business in N. Kona (1883). His wife Lucy (KAUALE) whom he married around 1895 preceded him in death in the 1950s and is buried with Tutu Naluahine in the unkept graveyard of Helani Makai, across the street from Kahalu‘u Bay.

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1957-1958 Naluahine Kaopua, Kona Coast, Hawaii
[front view, close-up] by Ansel Adams 84.89.28 


Despite having only completed 2nd grade, Naluahine was a man of extreme intellect and knowledge having practiced the oral tradition of history of Hawaiians.  In the late 1940s, early 1950s, Theodore Kelsey and Henry E.P. Kekahuna (his nephew), both of whom did occasional work with Bishop Museum, and much more work on their own, mapped and recorded sites and histories in Kona. One of their main native guides and informants was an “elderly Hawaiian gentleman” by the name of Näluahine Ka‘öpua (Naluahine); through their efforts, a great resource of information was compiled. An excellent recap was published by the Kohala Center.

Mr. Naluahine Kaopua speaks of this rock [The Kaʻahumanu Stone] and Kaʻahumanu’s hiding in an interview he did with Dr. Emory of the Bishop Museum in 1956. Naluahine was thought to be 100 years old (perhaps older) at the time the interview took place. He was a kupa ʻai au (knowledgeable, long-time resident) of the Kona region being born in Kahaluʻu, North Kona around 1857 -1860.
Naluahine was the uncle and one of the main informants of renowned map surveyor, Henry Enoka Palenapa Kekahuna. It was Naluahine’s intimate knowledge of the lands of Hawaiʻi Island that allowed Kekahuna to produce some of the most informative survey maps that are of tremendous cultural value and importance.
[Bishop Museum Archives. HAW 66.1 – 66.2, Audio Collections: Interviews.]


Naluahine’s age has been greatly debated — it is widely accepted that he was indeed a centenarian, but when did he reach 100?  If the 1959 article below is right, then his birthdate should be 1857 instead of 1860 but many sources use the 1860 date. The 1860 date can further be debunked since his half brother David Kewiki Spalding was born in October 1860 and it just isn’t possible for their mother Mary Ann Namaielua to have given birth in both July 1860 and October 1860. And in fact, each Census between 1910 and 1940 has he and his wife Lucy at different non-corresponding ages.

Police officers drove Naluahine, a 102-year-old resident of Kona, on the 3 1/2-hour journey to Kapoho to make an appeal to Pele. With the aid of crutches, the old man reached the lava flow and recited a prayer. Then, folding two dollar bills reverently, he tossed them on the lava. According to witnesses, the flow divided around the bills. Although Naluahine continued to pray for three-quarters of an hour, the money failed to ignite. But when Naluahine said in Hawaiian, “I guess Pele is really angry and will not accept my offering,” the bills caught fire. Naluahine seemed gratified and the residents relieved. (Source: http://vhca.info/1959.htm)


Naluahine is listed as a Laborer of Odd Jobs in earlier census records and it is not until 1930 that he is listed as a cowboy on a cattle ranch.  This could be attributed to his ability to be a “jack of all trades” as an accomplished sailor, skilled at fishing, herbal healing, and other talents.  But it is undeniable that his skill as a Paniolo continued into his twilight years.

Naluahine Kaopua
1857 – 1961
Thomas White Ranch,
Wall Ranch, Hawai‘i
Born at Kahalu‘u, North Kona, Naluahine Kaopua was known as the man to beat in saddle bronc contests in the early 1900’s. He was a familiar presence at such events throughout the Territory of Hawai‘i. His greatest triumph occurred at Mo‘ili‘ili on O‘ahu. He competed against all comers, including professional riders from the mainland. Naluahine’s winning ride did not end in eight seconds. Failing to unseat Naluahine, the bronc jumped over the arena fence and took off down King Street. Naluahine finally brought the animal under control at Thomas Square. For this feat he was acclaimed Mohopuni O Hawai‘i Nei (Champion of Hawai‘i).
Naluahine’s association with the Walls began in the 1890’s when Allen Wall was the Manager of Shipman’s Meat Market in Hilo. Naluahine was Allen’s contact in Kona to organize a crew to trail cattle across Ka‘u to the slaughterhouse at Kea‘au. As a young man, Naluahine contracted with several ranches for moving their cattle. Later he would work exclusively for Thomas White and Wall Ranch.
Naluahine was descended from bird catchers and was knowledgeable of old trails, waterholes and ahupua‘a boundaries. Although illiterate, his was a superior intellect and he retained knowledge passed down in the oral tradition of traditional Hawai‘i. Respected as a cultural resource, he was consulted by academics and historians of his time. Recently at the Kona Historical Society there has cropped up new interest in Naluahine Kaopua for his cultural contributions in the last half of his life. Writings of present day Hawaiian scholars describe Naluahine as a sailor, a fisherman or a Kahuna lapa‘au (medicine man). He may have been all of those things at one time or another but he was first and foremost a paniolo. He continued riding horses to help with ranch work until in his eighties. He lived to the age of 104.
Source: http://www.hicattle.org/CMDocs/HawaiiCattle/PHOF/2011/Naluahine%20Kaopua%20bio%20formatted.pdf
Naluahine’s great-granduncle Naihe of Kohala married Ka‘aha‘aina‘akahaku who was of the Ho‘a ‘ohana.  She was a renowned and respected healer and master of La‘au Lapa‘au among other cultural talents.  It is very possible that she was a contemporary and one source of his learning and was also a centenarian.
Naluahine was credited as one of the expert contributors in the standard primer on Hawaiian herbal medicine, Kahuna La’au Lapa’au: The Practice of Hawaiian Herbal Medicine by June Gutmanis (Hawaiian Bicentennial Library).

WAIWAIOLE_VioletThis is where my connection is rooted…  and our mystery ensues.  There is a handwritten note my mom jotted down as told to her by her maternal grandmother Violet Keawe Hii Ku o Kalai Jennie KAUHANE (pictured right) born October 11, 1896 in North Kahalu‘u who married Elia Kala Waiwaiole. She was known by many as “Keawe.”

Her father (or at least the man who raised her as his own) we had always believed to be John Napua Kauhane married to Mary Kalauwalu KAIPO.  John Napua Kauhane became a patient at Kalaupapa in December 7, 1897 and  where he later died July 21, 1900.  But the mystery note implies a very different parentage – Tutu Naluahine Ka‘opua.  And if so, then he is my true 2xGreat-Grandfather. The family resemblance is uncanny. [Keawe would have been conceived in early part of 1896 which would be just before or around the time Naluahine married Lucy and also possibly when John Napua Kauhane was falling ill.] But in the Hawaiian tradition they are all my ‘ohana.
Me > Sherry Leialoha Whitfield Fernandez (my mother) > Julia Elia Waiwaiole Whitfield (her mother) > Violet Keawe Hii Ku o Kalai Jennie Kauhane (her mother) > STEPDAD?: John Napua Kauhane / FATHER?: Naluahine K. Ka‘opua (her father)
In the years following Hawaii’s contact with the West and the catastrophic decline of Hawaiian population and culture that followed, lua was banned along with hula and other native practices. The underground tradition was secreted away to a few families. By 1974, the Bishop Museum had classified lua as a “lost art.”
Naluahine’s great-grandfather Lana‘i was also known as Kahinu.  He stood more than 7 feet tall and was a skilled lua master.  His nickname was because he would oil his body for fighting with coconut oil.  He was a messenger for Kamehameha I attending to his garments and armor.
Naluahine is also believed to have passed the ancient art of Lua down to hapa-haole writer Charles W. Kenn, who lived on Kahuna Lane in Mo‘ili‘ili. Kenn’s credentials read as such: “Charles W. Kenn. A Hawaiian-Japanese-German kahuna (expert or priest) born in 1907, Kenn was also a social historian, professor and author who was highly accomplished in a variety of martial arts, including lua. Kenn learned lua from several teachers—including two who had trained at a royal lua school established by King Kalakaua in the late 1800s. He also studied with renowned sensei Seishiro “Henry” Okazaki, who had learned lua ai from a Hawaiian practitioner after World War I and incorporated them into his Danzan-Ryu style of jujitsu.” Source: Hana Hou Magazine, Vol 6 Issue 2 April/May 2003
on March 23, 2014
The preservation of the ancient art of lua can be attributed to a martial arts student who happened upon an article in a martial arts magazine. Jerry Walker, a Native Hawaiian who grew up in Kailua, Oahu, was intrigued by the 1966 piece in Black Belt Magazine written by Charles W. Kenn. But Walker, an avid student of martial arts, was too busy at the time to pursue the lead and instead tucked the information into the back of his mind as he tended to school and began a family. However, he remained interested in lua, learning over the years that Kenn was living in a high rise in the Moiliili section of Honolulu. Finally, in 1974, a mutual friend arranged a meeting for Walker with the “olohe lua,” or lua expert. For centuries, an elite class of Hawaiian warriors had practiced the art of lua under a veil of secrecy. They were as expert, renowned and revered as the military special forces of today. Kenn had learned lua sometime in the first half of the 20th Century from Naluahine Kaopua, a respected Kona man whom some describe as a kahuna, and Henry Seishiro Okazaki, an eminent therapist and martial arts expert who likely combined the tenets of lua, traditional jujitsu and other martial arts to create “danzan ryu,” the most common style of jujitsu in the United States today. But even by the late 1950s, [NOTE: Ka‘opua died in 1961 – the writer Robert Command was in error] both Kaopua and Okazaki were dead, leaving Kenn, living in a non-descript one-bedroom condo, as the only one left with the knowledge. Perhaps recognizing his own mortality and the sincerity of Walker, Kenn agreed to teach what he knew to 12 students who would commit to the years of training necessary to master the martial art. The obligation was rigorous, and the “haumana,” or students, dwindled. But it was through this handful of kanaka maoli — Richard Kekumuikawaiokeola Paglinawan, Mitchell Eli, Moses Elwood Kalauokalani and Jerry Walker — that the ancient and once secret art of lua was preserved. Now they take the responsibility of passing on the knowledge to future generations in “Lua: Art of the Hawaiian Warrior,” essentially an introductory text offering the history, philosophy, techniques, weapons and current training practices of the Hawaiian fighting art. In addition to being an essential resource for martial arts and practitioners, “Lua” also is valuable to students of Hawaiian history and culture, and to the modern Hawaiian man, whose traditional role as a warrior was been lost in modern times. But beware: Lua is graphic, with crippling or even fatal blows diagrammed in drawings. The construction of weapons, particularly the “leiomano,” or shark-tooth-studded club, are also detailed in the book.
Naluahine’s parents according to a submitted genealogy at Familysearch.org says:
Father — Ka‘opua Kaikihookama/ Keikihookama b. 1830
Mother — Mary Ann Kealohapauole NAMAIELUA b. 1832
   1. Naluahine Ka‘opua b. 1857
   2. Kaolelo Ka‘opua b. 1862
   3. Ikaaka Ka‘opua b. 1868
   4. Kaikihookama/Keikihookama Moses Ka‘opua b. 1870
   5. Isaac Kaolelo Ka‘opua b. 1877 d. 1931
   6. John Naihe Ka‘opua b. 1879
Mary Ann Namaielua had two children also with  George Henry Spalding b. 1819 d. 1908
Her parents were father Nanai NAMAIELUA and mother Kinau PEHU.  Source contributor noted Namaielua and Spalding were never married.
  1. George Henry later went by Henry George Spalding b. July 4, 1856 d. 1932
“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QK1K-1D5Z : 15 December 2015), Henry George Spalding, 1932; Burial, Koloa, Kauai, Hawaii, United States of America, Saint Raphael’s Church Cemetery; citing record ID 144301739, Find a Grave, http://www.findagrave.com.
  2. David Kewiki Spalding b. October 1860
“Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QV26-3RNT : 13 December 2015), David Kewiki Spalding, 1912; Burial, , Hawaii, Hawaii, United States of America, Haile Kulamananu; citing record ID 70755084, Find a Grave, http://www.findagrave.com.
Ka‘opua Kaikihookama/ Keikihookama b. 1830 may have had a second marriage with Honuaiwa of S. Kona and had at least one child: Bowman Ka‘opua.  Other names connected to Honuaiwa include – Bapa Paul Ka‘opua? b. 1878, Maiau b. 1886 and Halou b. 1889.
His parents were father Kaikihookama/ Keikihookama KAHILINA b. 1804 and mother Puaana/ Ponaanaa b. 1806.
Keikihookama in the news:
Fifty-nine kuleana or commoner claims were awarded within Kahalu‘u, including seven within the archaeological survey project area: LCA 5632 to Keikihookama.
Oct. 5, 1885 The King vs. Keikihookama, embezzlement. Defendant is arraigned on the indictment and pleads not guilty.
Oct. 6, 1885 Keikihookama, for embezzlement, found guilty by a Hawaiian jury and sentenced to six months’ imprisonment.  Source: The Daily Bulletin p.3 https://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/10524/15127/1/1885100601.pdf

1900 Census of District 103 N. Kona
As of this writing – I still haven’t found Tutu Naluahine in the 1900 Census. Have page-by-page searched the N. Kona rolls and will continue.
1910 Census of District 103 N. Kona – the enumerator was Allen Wall the rancher
Dwelling 55 — Listed only as “Naluahine” he is found in a household listed as a Laborer of Odd Jobs with Wife Lucy KAUALE married 15 years as well as his father listed as “Kikeo” age 78 a widower and finally a female boarder named Makanoekalehua who is six years old born 1904.  [The boarder is likely to be Annie Makanoekalehua Kalaiwaa who later marries Keawe Alapai — She is the daughter of William Kameeiamoku Kalaiwaa, Jr. and Annie Kauanoe Kalaiwaa both born around 1880 – who I assume is Naluahine’s daughter.  William and Annie K. had a son also Alvin K. Kalaiwaa born 1902 died 1975.  However, a Geni.com family submitted tree lists her parents as Kamaka MAIHOKII and Kawalu KINI .]
On the same enumeration sheet 4 as Naluahine’s household, there are two households of note —
  1) Dwelling 45 — KAIPO , 88 years with wife MAKANOANOA 84 years – married 50 years, with granddaughter — “Kiawe” 14 years (b. 1896)  [which is my Great-Grandmother and her Maternal Grandparents — parents of her mom Mary Kalauwalu KAIPO who married KAUHANE.]
  2) Dwelling 54 – (the household right before Naluahine’s) lists a 29 year old public school teacher Julia K. (KY??) recorded as married 5 years with no children and a boarder “Kiawe Kauhane” 11 years old.  [was my Tutu lady enumerated twice and with a wrong age? Did she float between different households? and who is this teacher to her if it is indeed my Tutu Keawe?  (cause it might explain why she named my Grandmother Julia.)]
On the next sheet 5 – immediately following Naluahine’s household — in Dwelling 57 is Hawale – 35 year old Head of Household, his wife Kalehua 32 years, their daughter Kalihilihi 9years and their son Iokepa 4 years in addition to two boarders of note — Kuula Kahinu 22 years and a female Wahinepo Kahinu 18.
Further along on Sheet 10 there are two more households I noted:
 1) Sheet 10 Line 64 – a widowed 43 year old Korean Taro Planter named E. Enoka  [I thought this one was of interest since Enoka is part of Naluahine’s nephew Henry EP Kekahuna’s name.]
 2) Dwelling 70 – starting on Line 49 — Kalauwalu KAUHANE widow 50 years old with 4 children and a granddaughter in her household including son Lu Wo KAUHANE 27 years, son Joseph KAUHANE 25 years, daughter Nahinu KAUHANE a widow with no children 22 years, son Makahi KAUHANE 18 years and granddaughter Kaiula KAUHANE 2 years.  It is not clear to which of Mary Kalauwalu’s sons she belongs.  And we must remember that this household is of great significance since this is Violet Keawe Hii Ku O Kalai KAUHANE’s mother and older siblings.  In our tree we list alternately for first son — Luo Awo Kauhane. (A visit to the State Archives this past Friday revealed a very grimm end to her older brothers and eldest sister which followed suit to their father John Napua Kauhane.)


1920 Census of District 103 N. Kona
Naluahine Kaopua is listed with wife Lucy, nephew Kula (aka Kuula) Kahinu, and granddaughter Annie Kaopua. (aka Annie Makanoekalehua Kalaiwaa who later marries Keawe Alapai)

1930 Census – N. Kona/ N. Kohala
District 1-60 Rep District 2 Precinct – part of 7 —  Naluahine Ka‘opua is listed with wife Lucy with occupation as a cowboy on a cattle ranch.

1940 Census – N. Kona/ N. Kohala
District 1-69 Rep District 2  —  Naluahine Ka‘opua is listed with wife Lucy with occupation as a cowboy on a cattle ranch. {Note: the enumerator wrote the name as Naluhile Ka‘opuaPerhaps he’s slowing down as he reported only working 2 weeks in the prior year 1939.  Along with them are his “grandson” Keawe Alapai, 32 year old widower and his six children:  James 12 years, Ellen 11 years, Hazel 9 years, Elizabeth 5 years, Washington 4 years, and John 7months.  Keawe’s wife, Annie M. Kalaiwaa Alapai, passed in February that year just months prior to enumeration — and was buried at Puuanahulu Cemetery.  It is more likely that Keawe Alapai is a grandson-in-law.

Other Familial connections:
“Tutu Naluahine Ka‘opua B.1856-Make-1961 at 105 my GG.Grandpas Kewiki’s brother from Kahalu’u ,Kona” — Added by Peni Polena K.Fonseca-Aiwohi on June 18, 2010 at 3:08am Maoliworld.com  [reference to David Kewiki Spalding]
“(Great-greatgrandfather is) the only child to carry Keikiho‘okama Ka‘opua name which means to ‘inherent sovereignty’.” – informant Justin P. Asing Great-grandson of Naluahine’s brother Keikihookama Kaopua – October 2017.

[ Possible resource network ]

Aloha Flo,
David Roy, deceased, also shared stories of Ka‘aha‘aina‘akahaku with me in the 1970’s. I believe that Ka‘aha‘aina was very sociable in the Kona area; and the proximity of Kahalu’u to Keauhou makes us family (the dust of Ka’u). David shared that tutu was referred to as tutu Pele (out of fear); and that her red eyes, white-hair, and age contributed to this characterization by them (as children). As to the connection between Naluahine Ka‘opua you might contact (Google it) my cousin, Lily Ha‘ani‘o Kong (via a coffee retailer in Kona). At Kahalu‘u, I recall a name (Ah Moe, Aumoe – hapa pake’ wahine)…just above Kahalu‘u Bay, now Ali‘i Drive. My cousin, Lily, may have completed a book of stories (commissioned, I think, by Bishop Estate) of the area Keauhou to Kona (town). There’s a story of the cave connections where the young people met; and then, at the Keauhou Resort hotel next to Kahalu‘u Beach Park there are maps which identify some small kine thievery going on in that area — olden days.
I will be able to check some matters of genealogy (Kaumuali’i on my grandmother’s side which includes much family from Hilo to Kona).
Keep contact until then. Aloha wale no!

Lanai (AKA Kahinu) was the high priest of Pua-noni heiau and his brothers were Naihe (lived in Kohala) and Laa-nui (lived in Puu-makani, Kau). Lanai oldest, Naihe 2nd oldest, and Laa-nui yougnest were brothers from Maui at the request of Kamehameha. Lanai was over seven feet tall, a man of strength, very proficient in lua, and in battle.
Lanai was also knowned as Kahinu, because of his using the coconut oil over his body, and he was the special messenger for Kamehameha going after his personal garments and war implements. When Kamehameha died he took care of Kuakini. When Kuakini died he took care of his bones at Poo-Hawaii.
Lanai was Naluahine’s great-grandfater.
This information is contained in a letter from Henry Kekahuna to Charles Kenn in 1950.

Source: http://kanakagenealogy.wordpress.com/kanaka-stories/pololu-kohala-short-story/


For more information about the Keauhou Historic District visit the Keauhou Kahalu‘u Heritage Center at the Keauhou Shopping Center, open daily from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

The “Eh Cuz” Cousin Game

20 Sep

When doing genealogy research you really can’t discount the value of finding cousins (or understanding how you are cousins.)

A cousin is a relative
with whom a person
shares one or more
common ancestors.

Near or far the children of our ancestors and their siblings can be a wealth of connectivity to more information about ourselves and our past, present and future. (okay, maybe I’m waxing poetic.)

But, when I connect to living relatives in a genealogy forum there’s a warm camaraderie of knowing – “eh we related” or “eh we might be cousins”  or at a minimum – “eh we looking for the same people.” This has happened a few times over the last month as I’ve been researching my various lines WAIWAIOLE, MOSS, KAHELE, and as my research wondering/wandering has found cousins who may be able to answer the question about  if there truly is a connection from my Great-Grandmother Violet to the famed cowboy Naluahine KAOPUA which a family scribbled note says was somehow her grandparent. The resemblance is uncanny, though right???

Violet Keawe Hii Ku O Kalai Jennie KAUHANE

b. 1896 Kahaluu, N. Kona d. 1975 Kapaa, Kauai

Father – John Napua KAUHANE Mother – Mary KALAUWALU
married Elia Waiwaiole and resided in Kapaa, Kauai



Screen Shot 2017-09-20 at 11.04.22 PM

b. March 4, 1870 d. April 13, 1961


I’ve connected with a possible cousin half way around the world in Sicily, found a clue as to how my son’s Great-Great-Grandmother MOSS was cousins with William I. KANAKANUI, and found out that several friends I’ve known for years, my niece and also one of my first cousins may be related to my KAHELE line and we may have an opportunity in coming months due to a cousin’s friend visit the ancestral lands in Kaupo where my Great-Grandfather Joseph KAUHIMAKA was born.

This “cousin” warmth and welcoming lei of aloha is NOT limited to genealogy buffs — it is felt by all at celebrations and gatherings in the islands.  A typical scenario may play out like this — you attend a 1st Birthday Lu’au celebration and at the event – you recognize friends, neighbors, former co-workers and ask, “Eh, how come you at this party?” Well the answer so many times turns out to be, “that’s my relatives” and then you say, “Eh, me too, we cousins!”

This same kinda thing happens on Facebook — you comment on your known cousin’s page or see a photo of folks from different parts of your life together and suddenly – a mutual friend is asking how you know each other – and guess what – now you are all cousins…

People worldwide are sending in their swabbed spit samples to get that same “cousin” warmth feeling when 6-8 weeks later their AncestryDNA (currently on sale for $79) or 23andMe report returns with DNA matched relatives.

So where else can you play the cousin game?  Geni.com’s world tree has an interesting feature for cousin matching with their Master Profiles of famous celebrities living and passed on…So once you’ve got some critical mass of ancestors and branches on your tree that you load/build there – then you can search for a Master Profile and see if it tells you “You are connected” then you can click a step further to see the relationship path.

Screen Shot 2017-09-20 at 9.42.24 PM

It’s loads of hours of potential fun (no really my son and I had hours of fun searching our favorite celebs) – to see just how many famous people you are related to and how closely – like 44th President Barack Obama – my 15th cousin,  Justin Drew Bieber – my 20th cousin, or Taylor Swift – my 11th cousin twice removed or Walt Disney – my 13th cousin thrice removed.  (Will this qualify me for Club33?)

Updating & Sharing Genealogy

3 Jul

Again — it’s been a long while since a post here — I have been busy making great discoveries and serendipitous connections in many different brick walls for Kauhimaka, Waiwaiole and Ayres/Moss trees – but the last 4-6 months what’s consumed me is a special family reunion project for our upcoming Kauhimaka ‘Ohana Reunion in the Ahupua’a of Malaekahana, Oahu July 5-8th. 

When the last major “book” released on your family tree was put together in 1983 — there’s some really big shoes and gaps in information to fill to create an update.  It’s a hard act to follow – for those who were there and remember the multi-media slideshow presentation that took us through years of research into trying to answer the question, “Who was the real father of Joseph Kauhimaka?” that was given at the 1983 reunion along with the book (now a sacred treasure for decades) full of family data sheets and black & white xerox photo collages.

This year we’re going to be low-tech – outdoors and on a tight timeline — so no dimming of lights and raising the screen – no 30-40 minute presentation.  Yet it has to have substance, accuracy, timelessness, be visual, entertaining – and a keepsake. Where do you start? What should the result of the work look like, feel like, taste like / smell like and where can we download it afterward?

All good questions to ponder, but when it comes to brass-tax what matters is trying to NOT leave anyone out — you have to hit the ground knocking on doors (Facebook timelines and/or email boxes) asking, begging, pleading, stalking for updates JUST to gather all the births, deaths, marriages, divorces, adoptions, and step-relations that have grown the tree in the last 34 years.

That’s multi-generational GAP – three NEW generations actually.

Family tree sketch for your design.jpg

So about 12 years ago — I took that 1983 book and digitized it in Geni.com record by record building a tree and as Geni started to change their “free” model I realized the value of all the work I’d done and sprung for a one-time lifetime membership — to ‘secure’ it for posterity.  Sporadically and organically – I’d grow it as first birthday and birth announcements, wedding invitations, etc. would come about.  But there’s still the distant cousins who live away who you don’t see often, that uncle who just never comes to anything and nobody has seen in years, and the “I think maybe they moved, but nobody really knows – maybe they had kids.”

So what is one to do?  The age of social media helped in a few ways — allowing a way to connect with those faraway cousins who were just a name in the tree – with now a face, and a timeline to their life, photos of their keiki, their special moments and their mo’opuna – the 21st century way to get to know each other via likes, selfies and emojis.

Another great help was a “nucleus” of ‘ohana members focused on a common goal for the last year — planning a reunion gathering.  This set an agenda, a goal, a timeline for completion – and urgency for folks to actually provide their updates.  A pipeline of excitement as it were culminating in the reunion event now only days away.


1983 Kauhimaka ‘Aha ‘Ohana Reunion Book with 2010 Updates Sheets at a Mini-Reunion at Ko’olina – and Grandparent Photos Lino & Marilyn Fernandez

But the “descendants” document is just one thing — a list of names/dates – how can your presentation be more?  Due to personal tribulations and recent illness — the finish line is here and all the good ideas of what the document would be (a recipe book, collection of stories, photos, source documents) – are just that — good ideas — so it will be a work-in-progress as it should be – ever-growing, ever-updating and ever-finessing.  Hoping it will be as originally planned a collaboration as well with other contributors invested in its ongoing completion and nurturing.

In the last 30 days alone – I’ve corrected 100s of profiles in my Geni tree, added other facts, obituaries and added dozens of new family members. Talked with and exchanged photos, stories with ‘ohana near and far.  Collectively, the descendants report is now at 317 records spanning seven generations and a history since the mid-1800s. With 5 living generations — our eldest surviving descendant is nearing her 89th birthday and the youngest descendant is just a mere 6 months old. Perhaps by Wednesday — my deadline to hit print – we’ll be past 320 recorded descendants.

Some goals at the reunion will be to collect some oral histories, take lots of photos of ‘ohana, be in the moment and receive the “present” of being together, singing and communing as one. I’m looking forward to all the honi, hugs and tears of joy as we join hands in the lo’i patch, weaving lauhala, pulling in the fishing nets and creating the living lei that binds us to one another.

So what will be the takeaways?  I’ll bring some hard copies of the book in progress to share with each family line and take an email list signup for sharing a Google Drive to the PDFs post the event and my dream of a signup for ongoing family genealogy meetups /adventures in the future.  Maybe some ShakinTrees.com calling cards.  And perhaps some genealogy tools (various worksheets – like pedigree charts, fan charts) and a survey to gather ideas for another pet project to create a MyGoogle Maps for significant locations to our family (Kaupo, Waialeale, Ma’eMa’e Chapel & Cemetery, Kawaihao Seminary for Girls, Kapena Stream, etc.).

Even though the end result won’t be as amazing as I had originally envisioned, it will still be awesome — it’s my family – my ‘ohana and I am humbled.

Baby Lino’s Loves and Legacy

2 Aug Lino Fernandez II & Phillipa Fernandez

The biography of my beloved Papa Lino Fernandez III was written in 2003 for sharing at the Kauhimaka Reunion held that year at Makaha resort.  I’ve updated the descendant counts….since the last 12 years the Lino & Marilyn Fernandez clan has been fruitful and multiplied.


Biography of Lino Fernandez III – written by Lino Fernandez IV June 2003

Lino Fernandez III, was born on May 21, 1920 to Lino and Phillipa Fernandez.  He was the sixth child and the fourth son.  He assumed the name Lino Fernandez Jr. when his father assumed the name Lino Fernandez Sr. after his father died.  He was also affectionately known as “Baby Lino”, dad, daddy, uncle Lino, grandpa, and papa.  According to his birth certificate, the family was living on Alewa Drive at the time of his birth.

He grew up in the Liliha, Kaimuki, and Punahou areas of Honolulu.   He attended public schools, and skipped a grade during his elementary school years.  As verified by his diplomas, he graduated from Liliuokalani Intermediate School in June of 1934 and McKinley High School in June of 1937, at age 17.   He excelled in school taking some business courses and attained the rank of Captain in JROTC.

Lino Fernandez III receives the NCO of the Year Award - Hawaii Air National Guard (IMG_1935)

Lino Fernandez III receives the NCO of the Year Award – Hawaii Air National Guard (IMG_1935)

After high school he continued helping the family by selling papers for the ”Fernandez Newsboys” and working at Hawaiian Pine and for various construction companies.  He began working at Pearl Harbor Shipyard around 1940, and became a journeyman shipwright (carpenter). He along with some of his brothers served their country on December 7, 1941 aiding in emergency and firefighting work. He also served with the U.S. Merchant Marines sailing a couple of trips as an oiler/wiper. In 1949 he left Pearl Harbor and joined the Hawaii Air National Guard.  He was able to attend several service schools throughout the mainland and was also able to travel around the country.  He also attended a NCO Academy at Tachikawa AFB in Japan.  Lino was known as a very dedicated and helpful public servant in the Air Guard where he served as a full time technician for 21 years until he retired in September 1970. He was awarded The Outstanding NCO of the Year in 1968.  When he retired he was the Material Facilities (warehouse) Supervisor.  After retiring from the Air Guard he went to work for the State of Hawaii, (Department of Transportation, Highways Division), as part of the newly created Bridge Maintenance crew.  He retired from the State in May 1975.

Lino married Marilyn Hann Jin Lee on July 26. 1941.   They met at MaeMae Sunday School where both of their families attended.  They first lived in the Fernandez Court on Metcalf  St., and in 1952 moved to the family home at St. Louis Hts. located at Alencastre Pl.  This house was built by Lino and his brothers.  They had four children Uarda Kanani (2/2/42), Lynette Lee Momona (4/13/44), Lino IV (11/20/47) and Lee Keolalani (6/17/58).  After Marilyn passed away Lino remarried
twice —  Harriet Napuunoa (1962) and Harriet Hisayo Rita (1969).

Lino passed away on Jan. 12, 1977, in his home at St. Louis Hts.  He is survived by his four children and their spouses, 14 grandchildren , and 12 great-grandchildren.

[UPDATE – July 2015 — He is survived by four children and their spouses, 14 grandchildren, 20 great-grandchildren, and three great-great-grandchildren.]

[UPDATE – May 2020 — Lino’s Legacy has grown again —  four children and their spouses, 14 grandchildren, 23 great-grandchildren, and 5 great-great-grandchildren – Lyla, Jade, Johnny, Evelyn, and Lokela.]

To summarize his life and personality I would like to share some of Lino’s Loves;

Loved his family; very caring, strict but fair,  always provided for his family.

Loved the Lord; attended Kaumakapili, and MaeMae, served as Trustee, sang in choir, helped with various projects i. e. luaus, carnivals, sweet bread and pickled onion sales.

Loved to read; Bible, newspapers, magazines to keep up with current events.

Loved sports; played football (H. S. and Air Guard), played softball (Hawaiian Pine, Air Guard and church), played golf, enjoyed watching sports, watched his sons play football, baseball and wrestle, watched high school , college (U. H.) and professional football games here in Hawaii and on the mainland (Kezar Stadium, S.F.), he also enjoyed watching sports on TV, he even played hooky from drill to watch the first “live” college game from the mainland.

Loved to party, hosted many family parties and also parties for his co-workers.

Loved to help others, he was always willing to help others with projects, church repairs, rental repairs, and helped several friend and family with repairs/remodels, helped on the kalua pig crew for many luaus.  He also helped in various community projects, including fund raising for the American Cancer Society, Heart Association, and Easter Seals.

Loved to counsel young people, he was very close to his troops from the Air Guard, he was proud to refer to them as “my boys”, he always treated them with respect and was able to get 100 % effort from them and he helped many of them with their training requirements for their jobs and also for personal matters.

He provided these same qualities to his family and can be remembered for always being willing to help us and being able to provide guidance.  He always had a good sense of humor and was very generous.  We surely miss him , hopefully some of his traits have carried on to his children and grandchildren.

Mahalo and Aloha to you dad.

A Hawaiian Lady – Ellen Kamae

25 Jul

Ellen Kamae was a half sister of Joseph Kauhimaka my Great-great-grandfather through my FERNANDEZ line. They shared the same mother Anahua.  She was born in April 1858 and died at the age of 70 in March 1929.

Ellen falls into the history books due to her marriage to the prominent Chinese merchant Goo Kim Fui (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goo_Kim_Fui). He came to Hawaii in 1867 and married Ellen in 1872. Mr. & Mrs. Goo Kim were members of the Bethel Church under the pastorate of the Rev. Dr. Damon. Source: Annual Report, Volume 86 by the Hawaiian Evangelical Association “A Pioneer Chinese Christian”

Together they had the following children: Annie A., Ella S.Y.  and John K..  Annie and Ella took up teaching positions at Royal School and Kaahumanu Elementary respectively and were also very active in the operations of the Aala Sunday School their father pastored. (1910 US Census)

She is in the 1900 Census as Kamae Goo and her husband as Kim Goo.  It states that she had four children with only two living… so will have to uncover where Ella comes in as only Annie and John are listed as children.. There are a few other children listed as a neice and boarder.. so perhaps one of these children were hanai’d or adopted as their own later.  Ellen’s brother Joe Kauhimaka, sister Kuhihewa married to Aaron KANAI, and her mother Anahua are in nearby households.

Goo Kim Fui and my great-great-grandfather LEE Toma were from the same province of China.  Goo Kim was a contemporary and friend of LEE Toma which shows the link between my LEE and KAUHIMAKA lines much earlier in Honolulu history then the meeting of my Great-grandmother’s at Ma’eMa’e Chapel which later led to the marriage of their children / my grandparents Marilyn Han Jin LEE and Lino FERNANDEZ III.

Both LEE Toma and Goo Kim Fui are buried at Makiki Cemetery in the Chinese Christian section. Goo Kim Fui precedes Ellen in death in 1908. He and Ellen Kamae are buried in a gated section on the lower walkway near the Wilder Street Corner.  Their son John Kameeualani Yin Fook Goo Kim (1889 – 1963) is also in the family cemetery plot in a nearby grave.

Headstones at Makiki Cemetery of Ellen & Goo Kim Fui

Headstones at Makiki Cemetery of Ellen & Goo Kim Fui

She was a remarkable woman dedicated to her husband’s Christian values in uplifting the Chinese community and building the Chinese Christian faith and following in Honolulu and beyond.  She learned his language and traveled with him to Leen Tong to erect a church.

“Mrs. Goo Kim accommodated herself to this change in life and work so gracefully as to make a strong impression upon her husband’s country folk.” Source: The Friend, Volume LXV, Number 6, 1 June 1908 Edition 01 – The State of Hawaii.

An influencer in the elite circles of Honolulu life – Ellen’s prowess stood on its own and afforded her invites to the most posh events like those hosted by the Dillinghams or Queen Liliuoukalani.  She hosted her own share of gala events like her husband’s 60th birthday bash in their Nuuanu home (on Liliha between Judd and Wylie).  Ellen could often be found traveling with the who’s who of Honolulu on occasions like an impromptu lava viewing excursion aboard the steamer Kinau.

Other Sources & References

1878 – pupils for the Sabbath School at Makiki are from Mr. Goo Kim’s rice field in Waikiki.



1880 – Property Ownership – Transfer of deed  [IMAGE]  http://www.flickr.com/photos/cosmorific/4716330473/

Transfer of deed….
Mika Kauhao to Samuel Smith, then Samuel Smith to Ellen Kamae Goo Kim on Feb. 20, 1880, 4pm.


1887 – Lava Flow viewing excursion aboard the Kinau – but too late for the show from madam Pele

The daily herald. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands), 07 Feb. 1887. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047239/1887-02-07/ed-1/seq-2/>


1897 – Goo Kim’s 60th Birthday Dinner — hosted lunch for the Chinese ladies as thanks at their home on Nuuanu Avenue

The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]), 22 Oct. 1897. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1897-10-22/ed-1/seq-1/>


1904 Children: Daughters help with Sunday School at AALA MISSION.



1905 – Mention of daughter Annie Goo Kim

The Independent. (Honolulu, H.I.), 07 July 1905. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047097/1905-07-07/ed-1/seq-4/>


1908 –

The Friend, Volume LXV, Number 6, 1 June 1908 Edition 01 — THE STATE OF HAWAII. [ARTICLE+ILLUSTRATION]

he married a Hawaiian lady, Miss Ellen Kamae, a most fortunate and happy union. Mrs. Goo Kim set herself to learn her husband’s language and succeeded remarkably well.

In — therefore he and his wife went to Leen Tong and labored with such success that he was soon enabled to erect a Church building, for which he himself paid,and to gather a number of converts. Mrs. Goo Kim accommodated herself to this change in life and work so gracefully as to make a strong impression upon her husband’s country folk. After…years of successful evangelism the exigencies of business called Mr. and Mrs. Goo Kim back to Honolulu.


1908 – Mrs. Goo Kim — aboard the Bethel Street Workers Reunite Train Ride and Dinner party hosted by the Dillinghams

Evening bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii), 04 June 1908. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016413/1908-06-04/ed-1/seq-4/>

1913 – At Queen Lilioukalani’s 75th birthday at Washington Palace:

Honolulu star-bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii), 06 Sept. 1913. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014682/1913-09-06/ed-1/seq-13/>

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